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Sickness absence from work in Spain: are there gender differences?

Alfonso Alba and Elva López-Mourelo
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Elva López Mourelo ()

UC3M Working papers. Economics from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía

Abstract: We use a sample of social security records containing work histories and sick leave episodes to investigate gender differences in the incidence and duration of absence from work due to sickness in Spain. For sick leave incidence we apply a competing risk model to a panel of newly employed workers who can be followed for two years until an episode of sick leave occurs or the job ends. For the duration of sick leave spells, we estimate a Weibull model. We distinguish between sick leave due to occupational illness or injury and sick leave due to common disease or accident. This distinction is important because only for the latter women have higher incidence and longer duration than men. In this respect, the presence of children under 3 years of age in the household becomes a significant explanatory factor.

Keywords: Sick; leave; Gender; differences; Cumulative; incidence; Competing; risks; Proportional; hazard; model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J14 J28 J81 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017-11-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-gen, nep-hea and nep-lab
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