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Cooking that Kills: Cleaner Energy, Indoor Air Pollution, and Health

Imelda Imelda

UC3M Working papers. Economics from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía

Abstract: Cooking with dirty fuel is known to be one of the biggest sources of indoor air pollution in developing countries. I estimate the health impact of indoor air pollution using a nationwide fuel-switching program, the largest household energy transition project ever attempted in the developing world, affecting more than 50 million homes in Indonesia. This program focused on replacing a dirty cooking fuel, kerosene, with cleaner cooking fuel, liquid petroleum gas (LPG). I use a difference-in-differences design with time-varying program intensities to capture the dynamic increase in the households' access to LPG. A 10-percentage-point increase in the program intensity &- measured by the number of free initial LPG packages distributed &- reduces infant mortality rate by 3.3 percentage points, or 1.2 infants per 1,000 live births annually. This study highlights the fact that adopting cleaner energy can have a substantial health impact beyond what is currently known.

Keywords: indoor; air; pollution; infant; mortality; kerosene; LPG; Indonesia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 J13 O15 Q48 Q52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-01-14
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