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Productivity and transition in Swedish iron and steel, 1870-1940

Stefan Houpt ()

IFCS - Working Papers in Economic History.WH from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola

Abstract: This paper would like to analyse how Swedish iron and steel entrepreneurs reacted to the strains of increasing competition on world markets which affected the industry between 1870 and 1940. It implicitly searches for readjustments taken by the sector as a whole in order to increase productivity. A first part of the paper presents the breakdown into periods and the background to the transitions we are going to examine. We then go on to describe the data we have assembled for the contrast both from national accounts and complementary sources. We contrast the coherence of the data series by estimating total factor productivity with a primal and a dual approach and by looking at factor substitution and relative prices. Next we examine the contribution to growth of the different inputs: labour, capital, resources and TFP. We find evidence for the industry reacting to competitive strains and overall we find TFP as the main responsible force.

Keywords: Iron; Steel; Sweden; Total; factor; productivity; Dual; estimate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 L61 N13 N14 N63 N64 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff and nep-his
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Journal Article: Productivity and transition in Swedish iron and steel, 1870-1940 (2013) Downloads
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