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The Role of Global and Domestic Shocks for Inflation Dynamics: Evidence from Asia

David Finck () and Peter Tillmann ()
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David Finck: Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Germany
Peter Tillmann: Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Germany

No GRU_2019_022, GRU Working Paper Series from City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit

Abstract: This paper studies the changing nature of inflation dynamics in small open economies and the shifting output-inflation trade-off. We estimate a series of VAR models for a set of six Asian emerging market economies, in which we identify a battery of domestic and global shocks using sign restrictions. We find that global shocks ex- plain large parts of inflation and output dynamics. The global shocks are procycli- cal with respect to the domestic components of economic activity. We estimate Phillips curve regressions based on alternative decompositions of output into global and domestic components. For the domestic component of GDP we find a positive and significant Phillips curve slope. While including the output component driven by oil prices ’flattens’ the Phillips curve, the component driven by global demand shocks ’steepens’ the trade-off. Hence, whether or not global shocks flatten the Phillips curve crucially depends on the nature of these global shocks. A series of counterfactuals supports these findings and suggests that the role of monetary pol- icy and exchange rate shocks is limited.

Keywords: inflation targeting; business cycle; open economy; monetary policy; Phillips curve (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E3 E5 F4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac, nep-mon, nep-opm and nep-sea
Date: 2019-08-16
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