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The Role of Components of Demographic Change in Economic Development: Whither the Trend ?

Tapas Mishra ()

No 2004023, Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) from Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES)

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the role of the components of demographic change on economic development. Population growth has both positive and negative effects on income growth. Kelley and Schmidt (1995) states that high birth rates are costly in terms of growth but this effect can be offset by a positive impact of mortality reductions. We study how the weight of each effect has changed over time considering a panel of countries over the last four decades. We find that there is little gain to expect from further reductions in mortality in developing countries, and that the effect of birth rates has become positive in developed countries. In contrast to the earlier study, where growth enhancing effect of population density is felt consistently for all decades, we find that the effect is limited only to the sixties.

Keywords: Demographic components; endogenous growth; panel data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J11 C33 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004-09-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev
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