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Urban Health Service in China

Ling Li and Heng-Fu Zou ()
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Ling Li: China Center for Economic Research, Peking University

No 567, CEMA Working Papers from China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics

Abstract: After 20 years of economic reform and development, China's healthcare system has not improved as well as the economy has. Instead, it has deteriorated in many aspects, both in rural and urban areas. The present situation can be briefly summarized as "Low accessibility and high prices in healthcare service". In terms of quality, efficiency, and fairness of health care, China's urban health care system is far behind the current economic status and people's demands. There are a lot of complaints about urban health care system. Chinese government has done some urban health care reforms, however, most of these only focus on solving a particular problem while ignoring the connections to other problems. Thus, these reforms are fragmental rather than thorough and scientific. The objective of this research is to study China's urban health care system. Our study offers systematic and comprehensive review of China's urban health system. We discuss the health institutions China has, their functions, the frameworks of the governance structure and financing structure of the health institutions, the main problems in the urban healthcare delivery system, the reasons of the current problem in the urban healthcare delivery system, and the reforms currently being implemented.

Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2006
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