New Paradigms in Central Banking?
Athanasios Orphanides ()
No 2011-6, Working Papers from Central Bank of Cyprus
This paper reviews whether and how the ongoing financial crisis has influenced central banking policy practice. Taking a historical perspective, it argues that throughout the existence of central banks the main objective has remained the same¯stability. What has been evolving over time, and has been influenced by the crisis, is our understanding about how to achieve and maintain stability over time. The paper focuses on the role and relative importance of price stability, economic stability and financial stability arguing that while the crisis has not materially shifted views regarding the monetary policy framework, it has highlighted the need for greater emphasis on financial stability than was appreciated before the crisis. It further argues that central banks must not only have a strong role in macro-prudential supervision but have more direct involvement in micro-supervision of the banking sector. Lastly, the paper argues that the crisis has reaffirmed that strong economic governance is a prerequisite for stability in a monetary union and, in the context of the euro area sovereign crisis, discusses the tremendous costs stemming from of lack of sufficient progress regarding economic governance going forward.
Keywords: Monetary policy; financial stability; economic governance; micro-prudential supervision; macro-prudential supervision (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E52 E58 E63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-cwa, nep-mac and nep-mon
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cyb:wpaper:2011-6
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