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Gender gaps in wages and mortality rates during industrialization: the case of Alcoy, Spain, 1860-1914

Pilar Beneito and José Joaquin García-Gómez
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José Joaquin García-Gómez: University of Almeria

No 119, Discussion Papers in Economic Behaviour from University of Valencia, ERI-CES

Abstract: What role did women play during industrialization? Interpretations of this key period of our history have been largely based on analyses of male work. In this paper, we offer evidence of the effects of women's involvement in the industrialization process that took place in Alcoy, Spain, over the period 1860-1914. Using data drawn from historical sources, we analyse labour-force participation rates and wage series for women and men in the textile industry and three other sectors of activity (education, health and low-skill services). We then connect the gender pay gaps with life expectancy indicators. Our results suggest that women's contribution to household income might have favoured the female life-expectancy advantage, an effect that seems to have been channelled through a reduction in the relative mortality rates of female infants and girls, at the expense of a higher mortality rate of working-age women.

Keywords: Industrialization; gender wage gap; female mortality advantage (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J31 N33 O14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-gen, nep-hea, nep-his, nep-hme and nep-lab
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Journal Article: Gender Gaps in Wages and Mortality Rates During Industrialization: The Case of Alcoy, Spain, 1860–1914 (2022) Downloads
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