EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Mothers’ and fathers’ well-being while parenting: does the gender composition of children matter?

Jill E. Yavorsky and Daniela V. Negraia
Additional contact information
Daniela V. Negraia: Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany

No WP-2019-013, MPIDR Working Papers from Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany

Abstract: ABSTRACT Objective: This study examines whether and, if so, how the gender composition of their children influences mother’s and father’s well-being during parenting activities. Background: Despite that parents socialize and interact with girls and boys differently and spend different amounts of time with them, little attention has been paid to how gender composition of children may matter for parental well-being. Method: The analyses are based on a nationally representative sample of over 18,000 activities from nearly 9,300 parents from the 2010, 2012, and 2013 Well-being Module and American Time Use Survey. Random intercept models are used to account for the multilevel structure of the data. Results: Mothers and fathers report similar levels of happiness and meaning while parenting across different gender compositions of children, with one exception: mothers of adolescent daughters report lower meaning than mothers of adolescent sons. At the same time, both mothers and fathers report greater negative emotions (like stress or fatigue) while parenting girls than while parenting boys. These patterns can be partly explained by differences in activities that parents do with girls versus boys. Conclusion: Our study, which we contextualize in broader literature on gender stereotypes and gendered socialization and interactional processes, makes several contributions to research on gender, family, and health and identifies a key factor—gender composition of children—that moderates mothers’ and fathers’ emotional well-being while parenting. Keywords : childhood/children, gender, family roles, parenting, time-use, well-being

Keywords: USA; childhood; children; family relationship; gender; mental health; parenthood (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J1 Z0 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hap
Date: 2019-06
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2019-013.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2019-013

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in MPIDR Working Papers from Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Peter Wilhelm ().

 
Page updated 2019-11-09
Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2019-013