EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Appropriate Technology, Human Capital and Development Accounting

Areendam Chanda and Beatrice Farkas ()

No 1236, Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin from DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research

Abstract: Over the past decade, research explaining cross country income differences has increasingly pointed to the dominant role of total factor productivity (TFP) gaps as opposed to factor accumulation. Nevertheless, it is a widely held belief that a country's ability to absorb and implement technologies is tied to its human capital. In this paper, we implement this idea in a novel specification and explore its quantitative implications within a development accounting framework. In our model, intermediate goods production takes place over a range of industries, and human capital ratios in a country influence industry specific productivities asymmetrically. As a result, in human capital abundant countries, production is concentrated around industries with high TFP, while in low human capital countries, production is concentrated around industries with low TFP. Development accounting exercises for a range of parameter values suggest that this human capital-technology complementarity may account for eighteen to twenty five percent of differences in GDP per worker which is higher than the combined direct contribution of factors of production.

Keywords: Development accounting; total factor productivity; technology-. - skill complementarity; appropriate technology; human capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O14 O3 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 p.
Date: 2012
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-hrm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.407114.de/dp1236.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Appropriate Technology, Human Capital and Development Accounting (2012) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1236

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin from DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Bibliothek ().

 
Page updated 2022-08-10
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1236