Why Do Women Favor Same-Gender Competition? Evidence from a Choice Experiment
Denis Beninger and
No 1662, Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin from DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research
This paper addresses the behavioral puzzle of women’s preference for competition when competitors are also women. Using a framed field experiment with 883 non-standard subjects, we show that none of the determinants of competitive behavior in general, including ability, self-confidence and risk aversion, provide a satisfying explanation for women’s substantive gender-related selection into competition. Nonetheless, women who are overconfident, i.e. over-estimate own abilities in performing a task, enter competition regardless of the gender-mix. Hence, the gender-pairing phenomenon is driven by women who correctly estimate or under-estimate own ability. We concluded that this is due to stereotypes about women’s underperformance compared to men.
Keywords: Preferences for competition; gender; group composition; self-confidence (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C99 D83 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-exp, nep-gen and nep-lab
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1662
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