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COVID-19: A Crisis of the Female Self-Employed

Daniel Graeber, Alexander Kritikos () and Johannes Seebauer

No 1903, Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin from DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research

Abstract: We investigate how the economic consequences of the pandemic, and of the government-mandated measures to contain its spread, affected the self-employed relative to employed individuals in Germany and, secondly, to what extent the female self-employed were more strongly hit than their male counterparts. For our analysis, we use representative, real-time survey data where respondents are asked about their situation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings indicate that self-employed individuals were much more likely to suffer income losses than employees. Among the self-employed, women were 35% more likely to experience income losses than men, as women are disproportionately working in industries that are more severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. We conclude that future policy measures intended to mitigate such shocks should account for this variation in economic hardship.

Keywords: Self-employed; COVID-19; income; gender; representative real-time survey data; decomposition methods (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L26 J16 J31 J71 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: I, 43 p.
Date: 2020
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lma
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Related works:
Working Paper: COVID-19: a crisis of the female self-employed (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: COVID-19: a crisis of the female self-employed (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Covid-19: A Crisis of the Female Self-Employed (2020) Downloads
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