Market Size and Factor Endowment: Explaining Comparative Advantage in Bilateral Trade by Differences in Income and Per Capita Income
No 259, Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin from DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research
Using a gravity-type explanation of international trade flows at the industry level, it is shown that the pattern of comparative advantage in terms of sectoral export/import ratios in bilateral trade can be explained by relative income and relative per capita income. Total income of a country is a proxy of its economic size and has a positive effect on comparative advantage in most manufacturing industries (home market effect). Per capita income represents the capital-labour endowment ratio and demand conditions. In sum, it has a positive effect in (human) capital-intensive industries and a negative effect in labour-intensive industries.
Keywords: Gravity model; comparative advantage; bilateral trade; home market effect; factor endowment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 21 p.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp259
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