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Innovation and Export of Vietnam's SME Sector

Anh Ngoc Nguyen (), Pham Ngoc, Chuc Nguyen and Nhat Nguyen
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Anh Ngoc Nguyen: Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, Hanoi, Vietnam

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Anh Ngoc Nguyen () and Anh Quynh Nguyen

No 9, Working Papers from Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam

Abstract: Innovation has long been considered an important factor for creating and maintaining the competitiveness of nations and firms. Common knowledge stands that innovation is the cause of the increase of exports. However, contradicting empirical evidences are reported in the literature on the causality between innovation and export. In this paper we examine whether innovation performed by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) enhances their exporting likelihood in the context of a developing country of Vietnam. Using an uniquely rich Vietnamese SMEs database, we find that innovation as measured directly by 'new products', 'new production process' and 'improvement of existing products' are important determinants of exports by Vietnamese SMEs. We add to the current literature by examining modification of existing products as an innovation activity. We also find evidence of endogeneity of innovation that may lead to biased estimate of innovation in previous studies, which failed to take this problem into account.

Keywords: Innovation; Export; Vietnam; SME; Instrumental Variable; Bivariate (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F02 L2 O3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
Date: 2008-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-ent, nep-ino, nep-ipr, nep-pr~, nep-mic, nep-tid and nep-tra
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Working Paper: Innovation and Export of Vietnam’s SME Sector (2007) Downloads
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