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Taux de change et mésalignements du franc CFA avant et après l’introduction de l’euro

Blaise Gnimassoun ()

No 2012-3, EconomiX Working Papers from University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX

Abstract: In this paper, we rely on panel cointegration techniques to estimate the equilibrium exchange rate of the CFA Franc according to the BEER approach (Behavioural Equilibrium Exchange Rate). Examination of the CFA Franc estimated misalignments revealed that flexibility for the CFA zone in terms of price competitiveness has been greatly reduced since 2002 with the appreciation of the euro, becoming almost zero in 2009. Our results also reveal heterogeneous misalignments across exchange rates. Thus, while some countries have experienced an exchange rate undervaluation in 2009, Ivory Coast has meanwhile reached a level of overvaluation comparable to that observed in 1993. By studying the sources of CFA misalignments, we show the existence of a significant impact of the anchor currency misalignment (euro, French Franc) on the CFA misalignments with a greater influence for the French franc.

Keywords: Misalignments; panel cointegration; CFA Franc; anchor currency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F31 C23 E42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 30 pages
Date: 2012
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:drm:wpaper:2012-3

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