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Exposure to Pollution and Infant Health: Evidence from Colombia

Dolores de la Mata () and Carlos Felipe Gaviria Garces ()
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Dolores de la Mata: CAF-Development Bank of Latin America
Carlos Felipe Gaviria Garces: Universidad de Antioquia

No 1902, CINCH Working Paper Series from Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, Competent in Competition and Health

Abstract: We study the impact of air pollution exposure (CO, O3 and Pm10) during pregnancy and early years of life on infant health for a sample of children attending public kinder- gartens in Bogota, Colombia. The study uses a unique database that gathers information on children health which allows to combine information of residential location of the mother with information from the city air quality monitors. To overcome endogeneity problems due to residential sorting we identify pairs of siblings in the dataset and imple- ment panel data models with mother xed e ects. Results show evidence that mothers, who are exposed to higher levels of CO and O3 during pregnancy, have a higher proba- bility of their babies being born with a low birth weight. Furthermore, a child exposed in-utero to higher levels of O3 has a higher probability of being diagnosed with a lung- related disease. Our ndings advocate for more strict environmental regulations as a way to improve human capital in developing countries.

Keywords: Air Pollution; Infant Health; Mother-Family Fixed Effects; Panel Data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 J13 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-ene, nep-env, nep-hea, nep-lam and nep-ure
Date: 2019-03
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:duh:wpaper:1902

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