The African brain drain: scope and determinants
Abdeslam Marfouk ()
No 08-07.RS, DULBEA Working Papers from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles
This paper empirically examines the determinants of highly-skilled emigration from Africa with recent original data set on international migration. The analysis shows that 10 out of the 53 African countries have lost more than 35 per cent of the their tertiary educated labor force and countries such as Cape Verde (68 percent), Gambia (63 percent), Seychelles (56 percent), Maurice (56 percent) and Sierra Leone (53 percent) suffered from a massive brain drain. Regression models reveal that economic and noneconomic considerations have a strong impact on the African brain drain. This study finds that the degree of fractionalization (ethnic, linguistic and religious) at origin countries, jobs opportunities at destination countries, selective immigration policies, wage gap, geographical distance, former colonial links, and linguistic proximity between countries of origin and destination are the main forces driving highly-skilled emigration from Africa.
Keywords: International Migration; Human Capital; African Brain Drain; Labor Mobility (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-dev, nep-hrm, nep-lab and nep-mig
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed
Published by: ULB, DULBEA
Downloads: (external link)
https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/13586/1/dul-0071.pdf dul-0071 (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:dul:wpaper:08-07rs
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://hdl.handle.ne ... ulb.ac.be:2013/13586
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in DULBEA Working Papers from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Benoit Pauwels ().