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Demand for household sanitation in India using NFHS-3 data

Anurag Banerjee (), Nilanjan Banik () and Ashvika Dalmia
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Ashvika Dalmia: Durham University, Durham University Business School

No 2016_05, CEGAP Working Papers from Durham University Business School

Abstract: India has the highest number of people defecating in the open and the Indian Government is trying to eradicate by constructing toilets for its citizens. This paper is about whether the government is likely to succeed in its cleanliness drive mission by a supply side policy We examine the household preference and other the factors leading to open defecation in India. We examine preference for having a toilet in the household over the preference of other household durable goods. Our results suggest toilets get a lower preference – ranked 12, out of 21 different types of consumer durables we investigate. The results also indicate a strong case for imparting education and public awareness, especially, among the female cohort. We find the odds of using toilet in a household, with an educated woman (18 years of schooling) is 3.1 times more than a household with illiterate or pre-school educated women. Among other factors households living in urban areas are 19 times more likely to use toilet in comparison to their rural counterparts.

Keywords: India; Toilets; Preference (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C01 I18 O11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-10
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