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Academic Entrepreneurship: Bayh-Dole versus the 'Professor's Privilege'

Thomas Astebro (), Serguey Braguinsky (), Pontus Braunerhjelm () and Anders Broström

No 1118, HEC Research Papers Series from HEC Paris

Abstract: Should society encourage scientists at universities to become entrepreneurs? Using data on U.S. university-employed scientists with a Ph.D. in STEM disciplines leaving their university to become entrepreneurs during 1993-2006 and similar data from Sweden we show evidence suggesting that owning your idea outright (the “Professor’s Privilege”) rather than sharing ownership with your university employer (the Bayh-Dole regime) is strongly positively associated with the rate of academic entrepreneurship but not with apparent economic gain for the entrepreneur. Further analysis show that in both countries there is too much entry into entrepreneurship, and selection from the bottom of the ability distribution among scientists. Targeted policies aimed at screening entrepreneurial decisions by younger, tenure-track academics may therefore produce more benefits for society than general incentives.

Keywords: Academic entrepreneurship; economic incentives; Bayh-Dole; Professor’s Privilege (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J20 L26 N32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 48 pages
Date: 2016-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-edu, nep-ent, nep-ino, nep-sbm and nep-sog
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Related works:
Working Paper: Academic Entrepreneurship: Bayh-Dole versus the 'Professor's Privilege' (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ebg:heccah:1118

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