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A class of Simple Semiparametrically Efficient Rank-Based Unit Root Tests

Marc Hallin (), Ramon van den Akker and Bas Werker

No 2009_001, Working Papers ECARES from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Abstract: We propose a class of simple rank-based tests for the null hypothesis of a unit root. This class is indexed by the choice of a reference density g, which needs not coincide with the unknown actual innovation density f. The validity of these tests, in terms of exact finite sample size, is guaranteed by distribution-freeness, irrespective of the value of the drift and the actual underlying f. When based on a Gaussian reference density g, our tests (of the van der Waerden form) perform uniformly better, in terms of asymptotic relative effciency, than the Dickey and Fuller test --except under Gaussian f, where they are doing equally well. Under Student t3 density f, the effciency gain is as high as 110%, meaning that Dickey-Fuller requires over twice as many observations as we do in order to achieve comparable performance. This gain is even larger in case the underlying f has fatter tails; under Cauchy f, where Dickey and Fuller is no longer valid, it can be considered infinite. The test associated with reference density g is semiparametrically e±cient when f happens to coincide with g, in the ubiquitous case that the model contains a non-zero drift. Finally, with an estimated density f(n) substituted for the reference density g, our tests achieve uniform (with respect to f) semiparametric efficiency.

Keywords: Dickey-Fuller test; Local Asymptotic Normality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C12 C22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm and nep-ets
Date: 2009
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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