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The Distribution of wealth and the MPC: implications of new European data

Christopher Carroll, Jiri Slacalek () and Kiichi Tokuoka

No 1648, Working Paper Series from European Central Bank

Abstract: Using new micro data on household wealth from fifteen European countries, the Household Finance and Consumption Survey, we first document the substantial cross-country variation in how various measures of wealth are distributed across individual households. Through the lens of a standard, realistically calibrated model of buffer-stock saving with transitory and permanent income shocks we then study how cross-country differences in the wealth distribution and household income dynamics affect the marginal propensity to consume out of transitory shocks (MPC). We find that the aggregate consumption response ranges between 0.1 and 0.4 and is stronger (i) in economies with large wealth inequality, where a larger proportion of households has little wealth, (ii) under larger transitory income shocks and (iii) when we consider households only using liquid assets (rather than net wealth) to smooth consumption. JEL Classification: D12, D31, D91, E21

Keywords: consumption dynamics; cross-country comparisons; liquid assets; MPC; wealth inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-eur, nep-fmk, nep-ltv and nep-pbe
Note: 1111765
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