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The rational inattention filter

Filip Matejka, Mirko Wiederholt and Bartosz Maćkowiak ()

No 2007, Working Paper Series from European Central Bank

Abstract: Dynamic rational inattention problems used to be difficult to solve. This paper provides simple, analytical results for dynamic rational inattention problems. We start from the benchmark rational inattention problem. An agent tracks a variable of interest that follows a Gaussian process. The agent chooses how to pay attention to this variable. The agent aims to minimize, say, the mean squared error subject to a constraint on information flow, as in Sims (2003). We prove that if the variable of interest follows an ARMA(p,q) process, the optimal signal is about a linear combination of { X t ,…,X t-p+1 } and { ε t ,…, ε t-q+1 }, where X t denotes the variable of interest and ε t denotes its period t innovation. The optimal signal weights can be computed from a simple extension of the Kalman filter: the usual Kalman filter equations in combination with first-order conditions for the optimal signal weights. We provide several analytical results regarding those signal weights. We also prove the equivalence of several different formulations of the information flow constraint. We conclude with general equilibrium applications from Macroeconomics. JEL Classification: D83, E32

Keywords: Kalman filter; macroeconomics; rational inattention (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac
Date: 2017-01
Note: 1026376
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

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Working Paper: The Rational Inattention Filter (2016) Downloads
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