Sources of the small firm financing premium: evidence from euro area banks
Sarah Holton and
Fergal McCann ()
No 2092, Working Paper Series from European Central Bank
The post-2008 period in the euro area was characterised by sharp dispersion in borrowing costs faced by firms, across both countries and ﬁrm types. This dispersion was an important manifestation of the “ﬁnancial fragmentation” which hampered the smooth transmission of accommodative monetary policy. Using bank level data from 2007 to 2015, we directly measure the borrowing cost dispersion across ﬁrm types by calculating the difference in the interest rate charged by the same bank in the same month for loans to small and large ﬁrms (the “Small Firm Financing Premium”, SFFP). We assess the role played by both bank and macroeconomic factors in explaining the variation in the SFFP across countries and through time. We provide evidence that bank market power, sovereign bond holdings and balance sheet weaknesses led to disproportionate borrowing cost increases for small ﬁrms, and exacerbated the impact of a weak macroeconomy during this period. JEL Classification: G20, G21, E51
Keywords: bank balance sheets; bank market power; cost of credit; SMEs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Sources of the small firm financing premium: Evidence from euro area banks (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20172092
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