A Phillips curve for the euro area
Laurence Ball () and
Sandeep Mazumder ()
No 2354, Working Paper Series from European Central Bank
This paper asks whether a textbook Phillips curve can explain the behavior of core inflation in the euro area. A critical feature of the analysis is that we measure core inflation with the weighted median of industry inflation rates, which is less volatile than the common measure of inflation excluding food and energy prices. We find that fluctuations in core inflation since the creation of the euro are well explained by three factors: expected inflation (as measured by surveys of forecasters); the output gap (as measured by the OECD); and the pass-through of movements in headline inflation. Our specification resolves the puzzle of a “missing disinflation” after the Great Recession, and it diminishes the puzzle of a “missing inflation” during the recent economic recovery. JEL Classification: E31, E32
Keywords: core inflation; euro area; median inflation; missing disinflation; missing inflation; Phillips curve (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: A Phillips curve for the euro area (2021)
Working Paper: A Phillips Curve for the Euro Area (2019)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20202354
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