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Testing for Localisation Using Micro-Geographic Data

Gilles Duranton () and Henry Overman ()

No 69, Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 from Royal Economic Society

Abstract: To study the detailed location patterns of industries, and particularly the tendency for industries to cluster relative to overallmanufacturing, we develop distance-based tests of localisation. In contrast to previous studies, our approach allows us to assess the statistical significance of departures from randomness. In addition, we treat space as continuous instead of using an arbitrary collection of geographical units. This avoids problems relating to scale and borders. We apply these tests to an exhaustive UK data set. For four-digit industries, we find that (i) only 51% of them are localised at a 5% confidence level, (ii) localisation takes place mostly at small scales below 50 kilometres, (iii) the degree of localisation is very skewed, and (iv) industries follow broad sectoral patterns with respect to localisation. Depending on the industry, smaller establishments can be the main drivers of both localisation and dispersion. Three-digit sectors show similar patterns of localisation at small scales as well as a tendency to localise at medium scales.

Keywords: localisation; clusters; K-density; spatial statistics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C19 R12 L70 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm and nep-geo
Date: 2003-06-04
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Related works:
Journal Article: Testing for Localization Using Micro-Geographic Data (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Testing for localization using micro-geographic data (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Testing for Localisation Using Micro-Geographic Data (2002) Downloads
Working Paper: Testing for Localization Using Micro-Geographic Data (2002) Downloads
Working Paper: Testing for localisation using micro-geographic data (2002) Downloads
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