EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Women and Work in India: Descriptive Evidence and a Review of Potential Policies

Erin Fletcher (), Rohini Pande and Charity Moore
Additional contact information
Rohini Pande: Harvard University

Working Paper Series from Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government

Abstract: Sustained high economic growth since the early 1990s has brought significant change to the lives of Indian women, and yet female labor force participation has stagnated at under 30%, and recent labor surveys even suggest some decline since 2005. Using a nationally representative household survey, we lay out five descriptive facts about female labor force participation in India that help identify constraints to higher participation. First, there is significant demand for jobs by women currently not in the labor force. Second, willing female non-workers have difficulty matching to jobs. Third, obtaining vocational training is correlated with a higher likelihood of working among women. Fourth, women are more likely to be working in sectors where the gender wage gap and unexplained wage gap, commonly attributed to discrimination, is higher. Finally, female-friendly policies, including quotas, are correlated with higher female participation in some key sectors. Combining these facts with a review of the literature, we map out important areas for future investigation and highlight how policies such as employment quotas and government initiatives focused on skilling and manufacturing should be better investigated and leveraged to increase women’s economic activity.

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem
Date: 2017-12
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://research.hks.harvard.edu/publications/getFile.aspx?Id=1624

Related works:
Working Paper: Women and Work in India: Descriptive Evidence and a Review of Potential Policies (2017) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ecl:harjfk:rwp18-004

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Paper Series from Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-08
Handle: RePEc:ecl:harjfk:rwp18-004