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The Twilight Zone: OTC Regulatory Regimes and Market Quality

Ulf Bruggemann, Aditya Kaul, Christian Leuz and Ingrid M. Werner
Additional contact information
Ulf Bruggemann: Humboldt University of Berlin
Aditya Kaul: University of Alberta
Ingrid M. Werner: OH State University

Working Paper Series from Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics

Abstract: We analyze a comprehensive sample of more than 10,000 U.S. stocks in the OTC market. As little is known about this market, we first characterize OTC firms by trading venue and provide evidence on survival, success, frequency of venue changes, reporting status, and trading activity. A large number of new firms appear on the OTC market each year. With few exceptions, these new firms exhibit poor performance and rarely rise to trade on traditional exchanges. We analyze how market liquidity, price efficiency and crash risk, all of which capture aspects of market quality, differ across OTC venues and firms subject to different regulatory regimes, including federal securities and state blue sky laws. We show that OTC firms that are subject to stricter regulatory regimes have higher market liquidity and price efficiency, and lower return skewness. We also analyze OTC market features that are potential substitutes for SEC registration, such as publication in a securities manual or state merit reviews, and provide evidence on their capital-market effects. This evidence is relevant in light of the JOBS Act and the ensuing relaxation of SEC registration requirements. Overall, our results suggest that investors consider information and regulatory differences when trading OTC stocks.

JEL-codes: G14 G15 G30 K22 M41 M48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mst
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2)

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http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2290492

Related works:
Journal Article: The Twilight Zone: OTC Regulatory Regimes and Market Quality (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Twilight Zone: OTC Regulatory Regimes and Market Quality (2013) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ecl:ohidic:2013-09

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