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Uncertainty and the Politics of Employment Protection

Andrea Vindigni, Simone Scotti and Cristina Tealdi ()
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Andrea Vindigni: IMT Lucca and Collegio Carlo Alberto
Simone Scotti: University of Paris VII, Denis Diderot

Papers from Princeton University, Research Program in Political Economy

Abstract: This paper investigates the role that idiosyncratic uncertainty plays in shaping social preferences over the degree of labor market flexibility, in a general equilibrium model of dynamic labor demand where the productivity of firms evolves over time as a Geometric Brownian mo- tion. A key result demonstrated is that how the economy responds to shocks, i.e. unexpected changes in the drift and standard deviation of the stochastic process describing the dynamics of productivity, depends on the power of labor to extract rents and on the status quo level of firing costs. In particular, we show that when firing costs are relatively low to begin with, a transition to a rigid labor market is favored by all and only the employed workers with idiosyncratic productivity below some threshold value. A more volatile environment, and a lower rate of productivity growth, i.e. "bad times", increase the political support for more labor market rigidity only where labor appropriates relatively large rents. Moreover, we demonstrate that when the status quo level of firing costs is relatively high, the preservation of a rigid labor market is favored by the employed with intermediate productivity, whereas all other workers favor more flexibility. The coming of better economic conditions need not favor the demise of high firing costs in rigid high-rent economies, because "good times" cut down the support for flexibility among the least productive employed workers. The model provides some new insights on the comparative dynamics of labor market institutions in the U.S. and in Europe over the last few decades, shedding some new light both on the reasons for the original build-up of "Eurosclerosis", and for its the persistence up to the present day.

JEL-codes: D71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-lab and nep-pol
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Related works:
Journal Article: Uncertainty and the Politics of Employment Protection (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Uncertainty and the Politics of Employment Protection (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Uncertainty and the Politics of Employment Protection (2013) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ecl:prirpe:05-27-2008

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