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The Maastricht Inflation Criterion and the New EU Members from Central and Eastern Europe

Karsten Staehr ()

No 2008-04, Bank of Estonia Working Papers from Bank of Estonia

Abstract: This paper discusses the prospects of the new EU members from Central and Eastern Europe joining the European Economic and Monetary Union in the short and medium term. The countries must attain and sustain inflation rates sufficiently low to abide by the Maastricht inflation criterion, but this is complicated by the process of real convergence exerting upward pressure on the inflation rate. The paper discusses different strategies which the new EU countries can apply. It is argued that no one-size-fits-all policy is available and that some countries might be better off postponing EMU membership in pursuit of other goals. Still, the special circumstances concerning the Central and Eastern European EU countries suggest that the process of admission of new countries to the EMU should be adaptive and pragmatic

Keywords: Monetary Union; inflation; Maastricht inflation criterion; CEE (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E61 F55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-10-30, Revised 2008-10-30
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-eec, nep-mac, nep-mon and nep-tra
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