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Gender of the manager and SMEs innovativeness

Alfonso Expósito, Amparo Sanchis-Llopis and Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis
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Alfonso Expósito: University of Seville, Spain
Amparo Sanchis-Llopis: University of Valencia and ERICES, Spain
Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis: University of Valencia and ERICES, Spain

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Juan A. Sanchis Llopis ()

No 2002, Working Papers from Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia

Abstract: This paper analyses the role of the manager’s gender on the propensity to introduce innovations using a sample of Spanish small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). We examine whether there are significant differences between female- and male-led businesses in terms of their propensity to innovate, and whether these differences may be explained by factors related to the attributes of the manager concerning risk tolerance, self-confidence, education level and cooperative behaviour. In particular, this study tests if the linkages between these managerial attributes and the propensity to innovate are moderated by the gender of the manager. Using a multivariate probit model (triprobit), we further investigate the role of gender on the managerial decision to simultaneously introduce product, process and organisational innovations. Our main results indicate that there are not significant gender differences in the propensity to introduce innovations between male- and female-run businesses when considering innovation at an aggregated level, that is, innovating in any of the three types of innovations considered. However, we obtain a higher propensity of male managers to introduce process innovations, as compared to their female counterparts. No significant differences by gender are found for product and organisational innovations. Additionally, results of the multivariate probit model indicate that the three innovation decisions are interdependent and should be jointly analysed. This study contributes to the scant literature regarding gender impact on firm’s innovativeness with novel empirical evidence for SMEs.

Keywords: manager’s gender; SMEs; product innovation; process innovation; organizational innovations; triprobit model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C35 J16 M21 O30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-gen, nep-lab and nep-sbm
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