Asylum migration in OECD countries: In search of lost well-being
Jordi Paniagua (),
Jesús Peiró-Palomino and
Andres Picazo-Tadeo ()
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Jesús Peiró-Palomino: University of Valencia (Spain) and INTECO
No 2008, Working Papers from Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia
Alongside the economic determinants and unobserved structural forces that drive migration flows, asylum migration faces additional natural and man-made hazards, which fall in the broad category of well-being. This paper estimates the effect of a composite well-being indicator on asylum migration flows with a structural grav- ity equation. The paper starts by augmenting the gravity model to explain asylum flow with country-pair relative well-being, relocation costs and multilateral resistance. Taking the OECD Better Life Index as a starting point, we then combine Data Envel- opment Analysis and Multi-Criteria-Decision-Making to construct a multidimensional well-being indicator that groups 23 raw indicators into a single composite indicator with 10 consistently comparable dimensions across countries. Then, using a panel of bilateral asylum flows in OECD countries, we are able to obtain theoretically-grounded and consistent estimates. Results reveal that the composite indicator of well-being has a significant effect, although only certain dimensions of well-being act as push and pull factors.
Keywords: asylum-seekers; well-being; composite indicator; gravity equation, multi- lateral resistance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 I31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hap, nep-mig and nep-ore
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Journal Article: Asylum Migration in OECD Countries: In Search of Lost Well-Being (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eec:wpaper:2008
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