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Causes of the Social and Economic Marginalisation: The Role of Social Mobility Barriers for Roma

Pavel Ciaian and d'Artis Kancs

No EERI RP 2016/03, EERI Research Paper Series from Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels

Abstract: The present paper studies causes of the social and economic marginalisation, in particular, the role of social mobility barriers for Roma. We have identified two types of social mobility barriers for Roma: the cost of exit from the traditional Roma community and the cost of entry into the mainstream society. The existing policy and academic debate on the social mobility of Roma has been focused almost entirely on entry barriers, whereas exit barriers have been acknowledged and studied to a much lesser extent. In this study we advocate that from a policy perspective it is important to understand differences between the two types of social mobility barriers, as they have different causes and hence have to be addressed by different policy instruments. Further, it is important that both types of social mobility barriers are addressed simultaneously, as they interact and reinforce each other mutually. Third, addressing social mobility barriers of Roma requires a change of both formal and informal institutions. Therefore, policy measures have to be implemented and sustained over a long period of time in order to have a sustainable impact on the social and economic integration of Roma.

Keywords: Roma; informal institutions; self-enforcing institution; discrimination; self-isolation; social and economic marginalisation; exit/entry barriers; social mobility. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O17 O43 I32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-01-03
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