The National-Level Energy Ladder and its Carbon Implications
Paul Burke ()
CCEP Working Papers from Centre for Climate Economics & Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University
This paper documents an energy ladder that nations ascend as their per capita incomes increase. On average, economic development results in an overall substitution from the use of biomass to fulfill energy needs to energy sourced from fossil fuels, and then toward nuclear power and certain low-carbon modern renewables such as wind power. The results imply an inverse-U shaped relationship between per capita income and the carbon intensity of energy, which is borne out in the data. Fossil fuel-poor countries are more likely to climb to the upper rungs of the national-level energy ladder and experience reductions in the carbon intensity of energy as they develop than fossil fuel-rich countries. Leapfrogging to low-carbon energy sources on the upper rungs of the national-level energy ladder is one route via which developing countries can reduce the magnitudes of their expected upswings in carbon dioxide emissions.
JEL-codes: O11 O13 Q43 Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene and nep-env
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: The national-level energy ladder and its carbon implications (2013)
Working Paper: The National-Level Energy Ladder and its Carbon Implications (2011)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:een:ccepwp:1116
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in CCEP Working Papers from Centre for Climate Economics & Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by David Stern ().