The environmental Kuznets curve after 25 years
David Stern ()
CCEP Working Papers from Centre for Climate & Energy Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University
The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) has been the dominant approach among economists to modeling aggregate pollution emissions and ambient pollution concentrations over the last quarter century. Despite this, the EKC was criticized almost from the start and decomposition approaches have been more popular in other disciplines working on global climate change. More recently, convergence approaches to modeling emissions have become popular. This paper reviews the history of the EKC and alternative approaches. Applying an approach that synthesizes the EKC and convergence approaches, I show that convergence is important for explaining both pollution emissions and concentrations. On the other hand, while economic growth has had a monotonic positive effect on carbon and sulfur emissions, the EKC holds for concentrations of particulates. Negative time effects are important for sulfur emissions. The EKC seems to be most useful for modeling the ambient concentrations of pollutants it was originally applied to.
Keywords: air pollution; economic growth; environmental Kuznets curve; convergence; climate change (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q53 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-ene, nep-env, nep-his and nep-res
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://ccep.crawford.anu.edu.au/files/uploads/cce ... 2017-03/ccep1514.pdf
Journal Article: The environmental Kuznets curve after 25 years (2017)
Working Paper: The environmental Kuznets curve after 25 years (2015)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:een:ccepwp:1514
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in CCEP Working Papers from Centre for Climate & Energy Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by CCEP ().