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Innovating in less developed regions: what drives patenting in the lagging regions of Europe and North America

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose () and Callum Wilkie

No 1827, Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) from Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography

Abstract: Not all economically-disadvantaged ? 'less developed' or 'lagging' ? regions are the same. They are, however, often bundled together for the purposes of innovation policy design and implementation. This paper attempts to determine whether such bundling is warranted by conducting a regional level investigation for Canada, the United States, on the one hand, and Europe, on the other, to (a) identify the structural and socioeconomic factors that drive patenting in the less developed regions of North America and Europe, respectively; and (b) explore how these factors differ between the two contexts. The empirical analysis, estimated using a mixed- model approach, reveals that, while there are similarities between the drivers of innovation in North America?s and Europe?s lagging regions, a number of important differences between the two continents prevail. The analysis also indicates that the territorial processes of innovation in North America?s and Europe?s less developed regions are more similar to those of their more developed counterparts than to one another.

Keywords: Innovation; lagging regions; R&D; patenting; Canada; Europe; United States (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R11 R12 O32 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-geo, nep-sbm and nep-ure
Date: 2018-07, Revised 2018-07
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http://econ.geo.uu.nl/peeg/peeg1827.pdf Version July 2018 (application/pdf)

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