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Understanding the relationship between poverty, inequality and growth: a review of existing evidence

Abigail Mcknight

LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library

Abstract: This paper reviews the theoretical literature and empirical evidence on the relationship between poverty, inequality and economic growth. It finds evidence that economic inequality is good for growth as well as new convincing evidence that inequality is bad for growth. Variation in data quality, methodologies, the range of countries included in different studies makes it difficult to compare the evidence. A recent hypothesis that the relationship between inequality and growth might be non-linear, with very low and very high levels of inequality being harmful to growth but a range in between where the relationship is not clearly defined might provide a means to unify some of the conflicting findings.

Keywords: poverty; inequality; growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I32 D31 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
Date: 2019-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-fdg
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