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Acquisitions, management and efficiency in Rwanda's coffee industry

Rocco Macchiavello and Ameet Morjaria

LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library

Abstract: Well-functioning markets allocate assets to owners that improve firms' management and performance. We study the effects of ownership changes on coffee mills in Rwanda - an industry in which managing relationships with farmers and seasonal workers is important and that has seen many ownership changes in recent years. We combine administrative data, a survey panel of mills and an original survey of acquirers that allows us to construct acquirer-specific and target-specific control groups. A difference-in-differences design reveals that ownership changes do not improve performance unless the mill is acquired by a foreign firm. Our preferred interpretation - supported by detailed survey evidence that considers alternative hypotheses - is that foreign firms successfully implement management changes in key operational areas. Upon acquisition, both domestic and foreign owned mills attempt to implement similar changes, but domestic firms face resistance from workers and farmers. Domestic owners have relationships with their local communities, which can create opportunities to establish new mills and acquire existing ones. However, these same relationships create pressure to maintain status-quo relational arrangements, which makes it harder to implement managerial changes.

Keywords: management; performance; market reforms; coffee; Rwanda (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 G32 G34 L25 N57 O12 O16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46 pages
Date: 2022-07-21
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-eff and nep-hrm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/117978/ Open access version. (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Acquisitions, management and efficiency in Rwanda's coffee industry (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Acquisitions, management and efficiency in Rwanda's coffee industry (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Acquisitions, Management, and Efficiency in Rwanda's Coffee Industry (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Acquisitions, Management, and Efficiency in Rwanda's Coffee Industry (2022) Downloads
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