A researcher's guide to the Swedish compulsory school reform
LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library
When studying different types of returns to education, educational reforms are commonly used in the economics literature as a source of exogenous variation in education. The Swedish compulsory school reform is one example; the reform extended compulsory education throughout the country, in different municipalities at different points in time. Such variation across cohorts and regions can be used in a differences-in-differences framework, in order to estimate causal effects of education. This paper provides a guide to researchers who consider using the Swedish reform in an empirical analysis: I present a description and background of the reform, provide some baseline results, a reliability analysis of the reform coding, a discussion of whether the reform is a valid instrument, and comment on the interpretation of IV estimates of returns to schooling. The main conclusions are the following: i) a reliability analysis of the reform coding finds a lower bound reliability estimate of 0.66-0.91; ii) the reform indeed raised educational attainment, more so for boys than for girls, and iii) with careful consideration of region-specific trends, the reform can be considered a valid instrument for education.
Keywords: educational reform; instrumental variables (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: A Researchers Guide to the Swedish Compulsory School Reform (2008)
Working Paper: A Researcher's Guide to the Swedish Compulsory School Reform (2007)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ehl:lserod:19382
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