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Is distance dying at last? Falling home bias in fixed effects models of patent citations

Rachel Griffith (), Sokbae (Simon) Lee () and John van Reenen ()

LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library

Abstract: We examine the “home bias” of international knowledge spillovers as measured by the speed of patent citations (i.e. knowledge spreads slowly over international boundaries). We present the first compelling econometric evidence that the geographical localization of knowledge spillovers has fallen over time, as we would expect from the dramatic fall in communication and travel costs. Our proposed estimator controls for correlated fixed effects and censoring in duration models and we apply it to data on over two million citations between 1975 and 1999. Home bias declines substantially when we control for fixed effects: there is practically no home bias for the more “modern” sectors such as pharmaceuticals and information/communication technologies.

Keywords: Fixed effects; home bias; patent citations; knowledge spillovers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O33 O32 F23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007-08
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Related works:
Journal Article: Is distance dying at last? Falling home bias in fixed‐effects models of patent citations (2011)
Working Paper: Is distance dying at last? Falling home bias in fixed effects models of patent citations (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Is Distance Dying at Last? Falling Home Bias in Fixed Effects Models of Patent Citations (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: Is Distance Dying at Last? Falling Home Bias in Fixed Effects Models of Patent Citations (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: Is distance dying at last? Falling home bias in fixed effects models of patent citations (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: Is Distance Dying at Last? Falling Home Bias in Fixed Effects Models of Patent Citations (2007) Downloads
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