The distinct effects of information technology and communication technology on firm organization
Nicholas Bloom (),
Luis Garicano (),
Raffaella Sadun () and
John van Reenen ()
LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library
Empirical studies on information communication technologies (ICT) typically aggregate the “information” and “communication” components together. We show theoretically and empirically that these have very different effects on the empowerment of employees, and by extension on wage inequality. If managerial hierarchies are devices to acquire and transmit knowledge and information, technologies that reduce information costs enable agents to acquire more knowledge and ‘empower’ lower level agents. Conversely, technologies reducing communication costs substitute agent’s knowledge for directions from their managers, and lead to centralization. Using an original dataset of firms in the US and seven European countries we study the impact of ICT on worker autonomy, plant manager autonomy and spans of control. Consistently with the theory we find that better information technologies (Enterprise Resource Planning for plant managers and CAD/CAM for production workers) are associated with more autonomy and a wider span of control. By contrast, communication technologies (like data networks) decrease autonomy for both workers and plant managers. Our findings are robust to using exogenous variation in cross-country telecommunication costs arising from differential regulatory regimes.
JEL-codes: O31 O33 O32 F23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (23) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/25477/ Open access version. (application/pdf)
Journal Article: The Distinct Effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on Firm Organization (2014)
Working Paper: The distinct effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on firm organization (2013)
Working Paper: The Distinct Effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on Firm Organization (2009)
Working Paper: The distinct effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on firm organization (2009)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ehl:lserod:25477
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library LSE Library Portugal Street London, WC2A 2HD, U.K.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by LSERO Manager ().