How polycentric is a monocentric city?: centers, spillovers and hysteresis
Gabriel Ahlfeldt and
Nicolai Wendland ()
LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library
We assess the extent to which firms in an environment of decreasing transport costs and industrial transformation value the benefits of proximity to a historic CBD and agglomeration economies in their location decisions. Taking a hybrid perspective of classical bid-rent theory and a world where clustering of economic activity is driven by between-firm spillovers, Berlin, Germany, from 1890 to 1936 serves as a case in point. Our results suggest that the average productivity effect of a doubling of between- firm spillovers over the study period increases from 3.5% to 8.3%. As the city transforms into a service-based economy, several micro agglomerations emerge. Their locations close to the CBD still make the city look roughly monocentric. This is in line with a hysteresis effect in which second-nature geography drives the ongoing strength of a historic city center even though the importance of the originally relevant first-nature geography has vanished.
Keywords: transport innovations; land values; location productivity; agglomeration economies; economic history; Berlin (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N7 N9 O12 R33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in Journal of Economic Geography, January, 2013, 13(1), pp. 53-83. ISSN: 1468-2702
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Journal Article: How polycentric is a monocentric city? Centers, spillovers and hysteresis (2013)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ehl:lserod:44318
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