A trapped-factors model of innovation
Nicholas Bloom (),
Stephen Terry () and
John van Reenen ()
LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library
We explain a counterintuitive empirical finding: Firms facing more import competition do more innovation. In our model, factors are trapped inside a firm. An increase in import competition encourages a firm to innovate by reducing the opportunity cost of inputs. Without trapped factors, trade liberalization leads to a small permanent increase in the worldwide rate of growth. With trapped factors, firms that face more import competition do relatively more innovation. The extra innovation induced by trapped factors induces a small permanent increase in aggregate output, consumption, and welfare, generalizing the appropriate estimate of the gains from trade.
JEL-codes: D21 F14 L21 O31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in American Economic Review, May, 2013, 103(3), pp. 208-213. ISSN: 0002-8282
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http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/59326/ Open access version. (application/pdf)
Journal Article: A Trapped-Factors Model of Innovation (2013)
Working Paper: A Trapped Factors Model of Innovation (2013)
Working Paper: A trapped factors model of innovation (2013)
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