EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Urban development and air pollution: evidence from a globalpanel of cities

Christian Hilber and Charles Palmer ()

LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library

Abstract: We exploit a unique panel of 75 metro areas (‘cities’) across the globe and employ a cityfixed effects model to identify the determinants of within-city changes in air pollution concentration between 2005 and 2011. Increasing car and population densities significantly reduce air pollution concentration in city centers where air pollution induced health risks are greatest. These effects are largely confined to cities in non-OECD countries. Two possible mechanisms for the negative effect of car density are explored: (i) increasing car density permits a decentralization of residential and economic activity; and (ii) car usage substitutes for motorbike usage. We find limited evidence in favour of (i) and no evidence in favour of (ii). We also observe a complex relationship between income and pollution concentration as well as a general downward-trend in pollution concentration over time. Overall, our findings are indicative that densely populated polycentric cities may be ‘greener’ and ‘healthier’ than comparable monocentric ones.

Keywords: Urbanization; urban form; decentralization; air pollution; transport; built environment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q01 Q53 R11 R41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 47 pages
Date: 2014
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env, nep-tre and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11)

Downloads: (external link)
http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/61791/ Open access version. (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Urban Development and Air Pollution: Evidence from a Global Panel of Cities (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Urban development and air pollution: Evidence from a global panel of cities (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ehl:lserod:61791

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library LSE Library Portugal Street London, WC2A 2HD, U.K.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by LSERO Manager ().

 
Page updated 2024-05-07
Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:61791