EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Animal spirits and credit cycles

Paul De Grauwe and Corrado Macchiarelli ()

LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library

Abstract: In this paper we extend the behavioral macroeconomic model as proposed by De Grauwe (2012) to include a banking sector. The behavioral model takes the view that agents have limited cognitive abilities. As a result, it is “rational” to use simple forecasting rules and to subject the use of these rules to a fitness test. Agents are then driven to select the rule that performs best. The behavioral model produces endogenous and self-fulfilling movements of optimism and pessimism (animal spirits). Our main result is that the existence of banks intensifies these movements, creating a greater scope for booms and busts. Thus, banks do not create but amplify animal spirits. We find that increases in the equity ratios of banks tend to reduce the importance of animal spirits over the business cycle. The other policy conclusion we derive from our results is that the central bank has an important responsibility for stabilising output: output stabilization is an instrument to “tame the animal spirits”. This has the effect of improving the trade-off between inflation and output volatility.

Keywords: Animal spirits; Credit cycle; Interest rate spread; Stabilization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban and nep-mac
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (45) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, October, 2015, 59, pp. 95-117. ISSN: 0165-1889

Downloads: (external link)
http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/63984/ Open access version. (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Animal spirits and credit cycles (2015) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ehl:lserod:63984

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library LSE Library Portugal Street London, WC2A 2HD, U.K.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by LSERO Manager ().

 
Page updated 2021-05-06
Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:63984