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Labour market entries and and exits of women from different origin countries in the UK

Yassine Khoudja and Lucinda Platt

LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library

Abstract: Labour force participation rates of women differ strongly by ethnic origin. Even though existing research using cross-sectional studies has demonstrated that part of these differences can be attributed to compositional differences in human capital, household conditions and gender attitudes, residual ‘ethnic effects’ typically remain. To further our understanding of women’s labour market behaviour across ethnic groups, we use a large-scale longitudinal study and apply a dynamic perspective to examine how far relevant life-course events in addition to individual characteristics, gender attitudes and religiosity contribute to the explanation of ethnic differences in women’s labour force entries and exits in the UK. Our findings show that, adjusting for all these factors, Indian and Caribbean women do not differ from White majority women in their labour force entry and exit probabilities but that Pakistani and Bangladeshi women are less likely to enter and more likely to exit the labour market, whereas Black African women have higher entry rates. We also find that relations between life-course events and labour market transitions differ by ethnic group. Most notably, Pakistani and Bangladeshi women’s labour market transitions are less sensitive to child-bearing and Caribbean women’s transitions less sensitive to partnership changes than other women's

Keywords: Ethnic minority women; labour force participation; labour market transitions; life-course events; gender attitudes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R14 J01 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017-10-19
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Published in Social Science Research, 19, October, 2017. ISSN: 0049-089X

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