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The multifaceted relationship between environmental risks and poverty: new insights from Vietnam

Ulf Narloch and Mook Bangalore

LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library

Abstract: Despite complex interlinkages, insights into the multifaceted relationship between environmental risks and poverty can be gained through an analysis of different risks across space, time and scale within a single context using consistent methods. Combining geo-spatial data on eight environmental risks and household survey data from 2010–2014 for the case study of Vietnam, this paper shows: (i) at the district level, the incidence of poverty is higher in high risk areas, (ii) at the household level, poorer households face higher environmental risks, (iii) for some risks the relationship with household-level consumption varies between rural and urban areas, and (iv) environmental risks explain consumption differences between households, but less so changes over time. While altogether these analyses cannot establish a causal relationship between environmental risks and poverty, they do indicate that Vietnam's poor are disproportionally exposed. Given growing pressures due to climate change, addressing such risks should be a focus of poverty reduction efforts.

Keywords: climate change; consumption; environment; livelihood; poverty; risks; vulnerability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I3 I30 I32 O10 Q50 Q54 R20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dev, nep-env, nep-sea and nep-tra
Date: 2018-06-01
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Published in Environment and Development Economics, 1, June, 2018, 23(3), pp. 298-327. ISSN: 1355-770X

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