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Failure or flexibility? exits from apprenticeship training in pre-modern Europe

Ruben Schalk, Patrick Wallis (), Clare Crowston and Claire Lemercier

Economic History Working Papers from London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History

Abstract: Preindustrial apprenticeship is often considered more stable than its nineteenth- and twentieth century counterparts, apparently because of the more durable relationships between masters and apprentices. Nevertheless, recent studies have suggested that many of those who started apprenticeships did not finish them. This paper examines how often individuals who had begun the process of qualification for skilled work failed to complete it, and how many conversely achieved local mastership. We provide new evidence on the completion of over 7,000 contracts across several cities in three countries. Even though apprenticeship regulation varied, in all cases a substantial minority of youths entering apprenticeship contracts failed to complete them. In turn, only a minority of journeymen would attain the status of masters. We consider the nature, frequency and causation of these failures. At least some exits reflect the balance of opportunities that youths faced, while obtaining mastership was affected by local and kin ties. By allowing premature exits, cities and guilds sustained labour markets by lowering the risks of entering long training contracts. Training flexibility was a pragmatic response to labour market tensions.

Keywords: apprenticeship; labour markets; human capital; skill; mastership; guilds; Europe; France; The Netherlands; England. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J62 N33 N43 N93 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2016-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his
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