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From public to private: Fascist privatization in 1920s Italyç

Germà Bel ()

No 10014, Working Papers from Economic History Society

Abstract: "Italy’s first Fascist government applied a large-scale privatization policy between 1922 and 1925. The government privatized the state monopoly of match sale, eliminated the State monopoly on life insurances, sold most of the State-owned telephone networks and services to private firms, reprivatized the largest metal machinery producer, and awarded concessions to private firms to build and operate motorways. These interventions represent one of the earliest and most decisive privatization episodes in the Western world. While ideological considerations may have had a certain influence, privatization was used mainly as a political tool to build confidence among industrialists and to increase support for the government and the Partito Nazionale Fascista. Privatization also contributed to balancing the budget, which was the core objective of Fascist economic policy in its first phase."

Keywords: "Privatization; Public Enterprise; Government." (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G38 H11 L32 L33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-03
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