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Nationalism, policing and inequality: Understanding outbursts of violence using the 1931 Cyprus riots

Alexandros Apostolides (), Michalis Zaouras () and Alexis Antoniou ()
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Alexandros Apostolides: European University Cyprus
Michalis Zaouras: University of Groningen
Alexis Antoniou: Boğaziçi University

No 17018, Working Papers from Economic History Society

Abstract: "In our effort to understand the underlying parameters creating conflict, we introduce the 1931 Cyprus riots and construct a novel data set. We explore two under-researched issues that have wider ramifi- cations: the effectiveness of policing as deterrence and the provocation effect of policing in its role in aggravating feelings against a foreign ruler. We find that nationalism and inequality are the two most important determinants in these riots, while the presence of police acted as a catalyst for riots. In contrast to the theoretical findings on the importance of police deterrence effect, we find that little did it matter. These indicate that nationalistic fervour, combined with deteriorating economic envi- ronment and the unsympathetic sentiments towards the establishment, aggravated by the presence of police (referred as provocation-effect), are elements that contributed to an explosive environment."

Keywords: "Civil Conflict; Nationalism; Economic Inequality; Policing; Cyprus; British Colonialism" (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D74 N44 P48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his
Date: 2017-04
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