Electoral Systems and Income Inequality: A Tale of Political Equality
Izaskun Zuazu Bermejo
No Ikerlanak;2018-109, IKERLANAK from Universidad del País Vasco - Departamento de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico I
Political economy literature has so far failed to offer a consensus on the effect of political institutions such as regime type (democracy vs. autocracy) and electoral systems (majori- tarian vs. proportional representation) on within-country income inequality. Beyond the inequality effects of these de jure political institutions, this paper fi nds robust evidence that de facto distribution of political power crucially matters to income inequality. Based on a panel database of 121 countries for the period from 1960 to 2007, the results consistently associate even distributions of political power across socio-economic groups with lower levels of income inequality. The scale of this effect hinges upon the proportionality of electoral systems. However, regime type and electoral system are not consistently associated with a signi cant impact on income inequality.
Keywords: political; equality; income; inequality; proportional; representation; system (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 D72 C23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Dpto. de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico I, Facultad de CC. Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad del País Vasco, Avda. Lehendakari Aguirre 83, 48015 Bilbao, Spain
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